USING COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY APPROACHES TO ENHANCE CAMPUS MENTAL HEALTH
Cooper, S.E. and Mullin, V.C., Valparaiso University, USA
A growing number of universities worldwide have seen the benefit of offering mental health services on campus and have established campus counseling centers to do this work. The vast majority of these mental health services units emphasize direct client services consisting of individual and group therapy plus outreach to vulnerable populations. While such services are important and do benefit many, the potential for campus counseling centers to have broader and larger positive impacts on their students, faculty, and staff is limited. Community counseling models can enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of university-based mental health services. This presentation will focus on two such models. The first approach will be a description of the "Four Facets" model of community counseling (Lewis, Lewis, Daniels, & D'Andrea, 1998). Emphasis will be placed on describing and giving examples of the three aspects of this model typically underutilized in college mental health. The second part will highlight the community psychology model of multiple professional roles provided by Atkinson, Morten, & Sue (1993). University counseling centers have almost exclusively used staff in the roles of therapist, counselor, and consultant. This section of the presentation will describe the other five possible professional roles: advisor, charge agent, advocate, facilitator of indigenous support systems and facilitator of indigenous healing systems. The presentation will end with a brief summary of the above two approaches plus an invitation analysis to alter the dominant paradigm used in college mental health and brief costs/benefits analysis for doing so.