Chan, W.M. and Lam, S.F., The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
The present study aimed at investigating whether accountability had greater effect on endorsement of stereotypes for entity theorists (vs. incremental theorists) of personality, who believe in fixed traits and have higher endorsement of stereotypes than the incremental theorists. 150 participants were under either accountable or non-accountable conditions in which their endorsement of the Mainland Chinese stereotypes, their extent of attributing inborn or environmental influences to those stereotypic traits, as well as the extent of their self-perceived cognitive processes such as self-criticism and multiple-perspective thinking during the experimental session were assessed. The results showed that accountability was able to reduce the endorsement of stereotypes in entity theorists only. This change in stereotype endorsement was probably not caused by change in their trait orientation as accountability did not have any effect on their pattern of attribution of stereotype persistence for both entity and incremental theorists. The effect on entity theorists was more likely to be brought by their performance-oriented nature as shown in their greater engagement in consideration of criticism from the others as well as their higher perceived indecisiveness.