FROM GROUPS TO TEAMS: A CROSS-CONTEXTUAL PROTOTYPES MODEL
Carr, S., Atkins, S. and Fletcher, R., Massey University, New Zealand
Teams are being widely touted as a panacea for human performance and for making life better for all. Yet such teams do not appear to have been adequately defined empirically, in the psychological sense. If the quality of team life is different from the quality of life in a group, the implications for psychological theory and practice are profound. That is especially so if these qualitative differences hold over diverse domains such as business, sporting, and human service teams. This paper describes an empirical prototypes foray into distinguishing teams from groups, by differentiating their prototypical from their more 'fuzzy' features. Future stages in this Team Identity Prototypes model are also outlined, including the use of priming techniques to validate the prototypes approach adopted in stage one of the program.