THE EFFECT OF JOB INSECURITY ON JOB SATISFACTION AND ORGANISATIONAL COMMITMENT OF MAINTENANCE WORKERS IN A PARASTATAL
Buitendach, J.H. and Heymans, R., University of Potchefstroom, South Africa
Employees are often said to be the most valuable asset in an organisation, yet world-wide plant closures with mass redundancies seems to be the order of the day, while mergers and restructuring menace the jobs of thousands more. Growing emphasis on more flexible employment contracts may also intensify feelings of job insecurity, which contrast sharply with the traditional "psychological contract" between employee and organisation. The risk of further redundancies could increase feelings of job insecurity. The empirical aim of this research is to establish the effect of job insecurity on job satisfaction and organisational commitment of maintenance workers at a parastatal and to determine whether there is a relationship between job insecurity, job satisfaction and organisational commitment. A survey was used to test the research hypothesis. The study population consists of maintenance workers employed at a parastatal and is dependent on the availability of respondents. The following standardised instruments were used in this research - Job insecurity survey questionnaire (De Witte, 2000), The Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (Weiss et al., 1967), The Organisational Commitment Questionnaire of Allen, and Meyer (1990) will be used to measure the organisational commitment of the participants. The statistical analysis was carried out with the help of the SAS-program. Pearson product-moment coefficients were determined to specify the relationships between the variables. A stepwise multiple regression analysis was conducted.