EXPLORING RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN GROSSARTH-MATICEK'S PERSONALITY TYPES AND THE BIG-FIVE PERSONALITY FACTORS
Brizuela, A.E., Job, S. and Roberts, R.D., The University of Sydney, Australia
Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck's (1990) Personality-Stress Typology defines six personality types, ostensibly based on the level of autonomy experienced in relation to situations of interpersonal stress. The resultant typology appears to be predictive of specific disease outcomes. Previous studies have further shown that associations between these types, and the personality dimensions of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Psychoticism, are in accord with predictions. The Five-Factor Model of personality (FFM, Costa & McCrae, 1992) posits three traits (Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness) in addition to the "super-traits" of Neuroticism and Extraversion. Research suggests that the three additional traits of the FFM play an important role in personality-oriented disposition to illness. The aim of the present study was to determine to what extent the predicted associations between FFM constructs and the six personality types described by Grossarth-Maticek are borne out in a young adult population. First-year university students (N = 300) completed a modified version of the Short Interpersonal Reactions Inventory (Grossarth- Maticek and Eysenck, 1990) and a measure of the Big- Five personality factors (the OCEAN Index Condensed; see Roberts, 2001). Results of the correlational analysis are discussed in terms of models of linkages between disease outcomes, physiological arousability, and autonomy in the face of situations of interpersonal stress, on the one hand, and the FFM of personality, on the other.