Boyer, M., Fournier, G., Jeanrie, C., Monette, M and Tremblay, D., Laval University, Cananda
The need to circumscribe human abilities or competencies within a conceptual and practical framework has been, for years, the source of many researches in psychology and education. One may think of the basis of job analysis procedures, of competency-based educational programs, or of job evaluation systems. Competencies have been defined throughout a variety of definitions, most including different underlying constructs such as personality dimensions, environment variables, etc. The purpose of this session is twofold. First, it is to present a new typology that can be used to classify competencies which can be transferred across jobs or settings, notwithstanding the specific content or tasks of a job. Second, it is also to elaborate on the theoretical and methodological procedure that has been followed to develop this typology. The theoretical framework of this approach and its focus on competencies that are expressed in a way that is not job specific nor job centered is presented first. Distinctions are established between competencies as defined and such constructs as aptitudes, skills and personality. Methodological steps used to develop this typology are then presented, along with the different validation procedures that have been used to assess its value. The full typology composed of seven dimensions subdivided in twenty-nine general and then in eighty-three specific competencies is detailed. The hierarchical model of these specific competencies is also explained. Finally, potential applications of this typology are described through the presentation of a software used in career-counselling processes and career planning.