THE RELATIONSHIP OF IMPLICIT AND SELF-ATTRIBUTED NEEDS TO WELL-BEING IN HONG KONG WORKING ADULTS
Bond, M.H. and McAuley, P.C., Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Weinberger and McClelland's (1990) dual system theory of motivation suggests that measures of unconscious or implicit needs complement more usual measures of conscious or self-attributed strivings or values in predicting behaviours. Yu (1996) has questioned the relevance of this theory to Chinese people and highlighted the lack of replication with Chinese samples of the American studies cited in support of the theory. This study demonstrates that Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) measures of implicit needs add predictive power beyond measures of explicit strivings in accounting for physical and psychological well-being amongst working Hong Kong adults and in particular, amongst working women. Implications for prevention and treatment of work stress are discussed. References: Weinberger, J., & McClelland, D.C. (1990). Cognitive versus traditional motivational models: Irreconcilable or complementary? In E.T. Higgins & R.M. Sorrentino (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition, Vol. 2, (pp. 562-597). New York: Guilford Press; Yu, A.B. (1996). Ultimate life concerns, self, and Chinese achievement motivation. In M.H. Bond (Ed.), The handbook of Chinese psychology (pp.227-246). Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.