PSYCHOLOGY AND PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA
Bawa, U. and Malcolm, C., University of the Western Cape, South Africa
Prior to 1994 during the apartheid regime in South Africa, the policies of racial segregation and discrimination were duplicated in the organizational structures of psychology. In turn these structures promoted practices in professional psychology that similarly replicated discriminatory practices in the practices and development of the profession of psychology. In particular specific unethical practices were either supported or ignored and either implicitly or explicitly supported by the regulatory bodies of psychology. Since 1999 there have been attempts to redress these unethical aspects and to place the professional practice of psychology on an international best practice ethical footing. This has entailed, inter alia, the development of a South African ethical code of professional conduct for South African psychology. This paper charts the issues, impediments, and practice domains of that code. In so doing it highlights the lacunae in professional practice that existed in psychology prior to 1999 and highlights the ethical vulnerabilities that still prevail within a transforming South African psychology.