THE DENSITY STRUCTURE OF ASIAN URBAN STREETS - AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DENSITY AND LIVELINESS
 
Baba, T., Deguch, A., Minami, H. and Ogura, I., Kyushu University, Japan
 
Density has been treated as a major aspect of the physical environment surrounding humans. In psychological investigations, density has been viewed negatively, as the concept of human crowding shows. However, several models of density suggest that the effects of density are not only negative. Moreover, most studies have investigated density from the aspect of its effects on humans in restricted contexts. Thus, the present study investigated density from the perspective of environment evaluations in actual contexts. We believe that high-density areas, such as Asian urban cities, have some unique values. An old downtown area in Hanoi, Vietnam, was chosen for the observation field. For two streets characterisitic of old downtown (totaling approximately 500 meters in length), human interactions and the placement of objects on the streets were recorded. These observations were conducted four times at four different times of the day. From the results of observation, the density of people/object formations and activities were highly variable on both physical and time dimensions. However, such situations seemed to be not at random, but related to each other in a definite and particular manner. This suggests that density may actually be controlled by the situation (involved people and place structure) itself so as not to turn into a negative situation. Further clarification of the actual states of these density variations are discussed with figures and pictures.