PSYCHOSOCIAL CORRELATES OF DENTAL HEALTH CARE BEHAVIOR OF MOTHERS OF PRESCHOOLERS IN THAILAND
Asawakun, W., National Research Council of Thailand, Thailand
From the fourth National Oral Health Survey of Thailand in 1994, 60% of preschool children had dental caries and 97% of these decayed teeth have not been treated. Usually most of preschool children must be controlled from mother who were the most important person in changing health behavior of families. Major objective of this study is to find interaction between psychological characteristics and family situation on dental health care behavior of mothers. This is a Correlational-Comparative Study based on the Interactionism model of behavior analysis. In this study, 843 mothers were asked to respond to questionnaires and 843 children were examined to assess their oral health status. Two important findings are : First, mothers whose children had very poor dental health were 1) Mothers who had low income and did not have occupation. 2) Mothers who had less behavior of cleaning children's mouths. Secondly, the health behavior model (K-A-P) was necessary but inadequate for dental health care behavior of these mothers. Belief in internal locus of control in child rearing and future orientations should be added. Thus, it can be recommended that younger, low income, non-working and less knowledgeable mothers should be trained and an evaluation study should be carried out.