UNDEREMPLOYMENT, PROFESSIONAL MOBILITY AND FATALISM. A STUDY ON ARGENTINE UNIVERSITY GRADUATES
Aparicio, M., Conicet. Universidad Nacional De Cuyo. Argentina
5 Technical and organizational advances, the globalization of markets and competition require the development of news skills for the subject's incorporation to the market. In this framework, a priority is to analyze the transition from the qualifications logics to the logics of the competence. Hypothesis: a) the Argentine university system does not provide suitable employment training in the context of organizations that value quality, productivity, transfer and innovation. b) the disadjustment between the educational and economic systems is evidenced by structural subemployment; c) the misfit between the professional competence and the market demand would generate psycho-social, non-integrational effects in university graduates, who, after having high work expectations, they find frustration in current market conditions; d) facing the problem varies according to the different psychosociological profiles. e) Anomic fatalism would, then, emerge as an important factor, even more evident among university graduates from middle to lower social classes. The employment/higher education and psychosocial consequence relationship is analyzed through a holistic model (151 variables). The model was developed with graduates from Cuyo University (1980-2000). Quantitative and qualitative techniques were used (interviews, semi-structured surveys and a test on fatalism). The Results: a) a diagnosis regarding suitability (disconnected to the demand) and the psychosocial impact; b) the underutilization of human resources has psychosocial effects: frustration and derived syndromes, c) the most widely extended syndrom is anomic fatalism, which deeply impacts national development.