INTERGENERATIONAL SOCIAL MOBILITY, CULTURAL CONFLICT AND "REALIZATION SYNDROM" AMONG THE ARGENTINE YOUTH
Aparicio, M., Conicet Universidad Nacional De Cuyo. Argentina
The present study is comprised within the boundaries of Social psychology and National Development. Some of the elements used are based on psychosocial theories (Cultural Conflict, Thomas, 1918, and Structural Tensions, Heintz, 1970). First hand data are analyzed in order to see the relationship between a basic, sociological nucleus (youth residual "rootlessness" -analyzed from the point of view of their foreign ancestry- and the high financial development of their alien grandparents) and psychosocial variables (identity crisis, anomy, n-ach, apathy, etc.), considered as the effects of the base nucleus. Core hypothesis: The cultural conflict associated to the important immigration mobility in Argentina and its high financial development would still affect foreign people's descendants at a psychosocial level, showing a "disadjustment syndrom" and "low identity realization". Method: Statistics analysis (Phi, Linkage Analysis). There were 77 variables (base, personality, psychosocial and structural variables). The stratified sample was made up of 350 senior high school students. A semi-structured questionnaire and specific tests (CEP, Maudsley Inventory) were carried out. Results: a. Correlations appear between Cultural Rootlessness (mostly marked in youth with a foreign ancestry), Mobility (stronger among immigrants' descendants) and psychosocial variables: Self-perception of Happiness, Fatality. N-ach, Flexibility, Self-content, control of emotions; b. The statistic analysis showed important differences between Argentine and foreign people's descendants, the latter feeling less psychosocially realized and with typical conflicts, and still less identified with national values.