STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SOME FAMILIAL BACKGROUND AND SELF- EVALUATION OF BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS IN THREE SITUATIONS (HOME, SCHOOL, PEER) AMONG ELEMENTARY AND JUNIOR HIGH-SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IRAN
Alborzi, S., Shiraz University, Iran
This study consisted of 5 questions: First, are there any differences between various level of father's education in relation to perceived behavioral problems (PBP) at home, school, and with peer group. Second, are there any differences between various levels of mother's education in relation to PBP in three situations (home, school, and peer). Third, are there any differences between different levels of father's occupation in relation to PBP in three situations (home, school, peer). Fourth, are there any differences between working-mother and home duties mother in relation to PBP in three situations (home, school, peer). Fifth, what is the relationship between family size and PBP in three situations (home, school, peer). The instrument for measuring behavioral problem was student's form of Brown's and Hamill's (1978) Behavior Rating Scale. Subjects were drown randomly from eight primary and junior high-schools in Shiraz city, Iran. In total the sample size consisted of 726 students. The results showed that father's education did not have any impact on PBP either at home, school or with peer group. After employing the ANOVA, significant differences between all means of PBP results of various level of mother's education were found. In other words, the lower the mother's education, the more PBP were perceived by the students in all of the three situations. No statistically significant differences were found between the means of the PBP scores in three situations of various levels of father's occupation. The results of the t-test showed that the mean differences of PBP either at home, school or with peer group between two groups of mothers' work (working mother and home-duties mother) were not statistically significant. It has been shown that the family size of the student's family has significant relationships with PBP scores of the students either at home or school situations, but no significant relationship was found between the family size and PBP scores with peer group. The results were discussed in relation to previous studies and Iranian culture.