PERCEPTION OF INEQUALITY OF GENDER BY WOMEN AND MEN CITY WORKERS
Tsukinoki, T., Inoue, T., Meiji Gakuin University and Ito, T., Wako University, Japan
Actualization of gender-equal society is a worldwide movement. The Basic Law for Gender-Equal Society in Japan was passed in 1999 to facilitate equality of women and men in different settings, including workplace. According to this Law, many local authorities have planned and implemented their agendas to promote gender equalities. They also conducted surveys of attitude for women and men in order to evaluate their activities and find out the people's needs. The present study is based on an analysis of surveys conducted in 1996 and 2001. The subjects are 527 city officials and workers. The analysis of the result showed different perception between women and men in terms of inequality according to gender. Women workers perceived more inequality than men did. They perceived inequality about sex roles, home life situation, and working life situation. Men recognized less inequality in different situations. The awareness of gender equality was developed and people perceived less inequality in 2001 than in 1996. Elderly men perceived this world as more equal than younger women did. We found it was important especially for men to participate in learning occasions such as gender equality workshops.