EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF THE HUSBANDS' EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM WHICH FOCUSES ON IMPROVING THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES TOWARD THEIR PREGNANT WIVES
Adachi, T., Miyagi Gakuin Women's College and Sasaki, K., National College of Nursing Japan, Japan
This study tested the efficacy of the Husbands' Educational Program which focuses on improving their knowledge and attitudes toward their pregnant wives. An informational intervention was carried out in this program. Participants included 193 husbands and their pregnant wives (150 primiparae and 43 multiparae) residing in Sendai, Japan. All the husbands received self-paced print material on psychological and physical issues of pregnant women, including how to support them during the pregnancy and postpartum period. Changes in husbands' comprehension and behavior after the intervention were measured by several questionnaires. About 70% of husbands read the print material at least once. Their comprehension and attitudes toward their pregnant wives varied significantly depending on the frequency of reading the print material. Husbands with higher frequency of reading were more concerned about the psychological issues of their pregnant wives and reading frequency was correlated with their supportive behavior. These results were interpreted on the social cognitive theory.