Furukawa, H., Kyushu University, Japan
This study examined the recognition change of project team leaders regarding the relationship between team activities and performance. Subjects were 68 team leaders who manage project teams with specific task missions. Teams were classified into 3 groups based on "group age" (GA) which refers to the time span since formation: less than 8 months (n=21), between 9 and 24 months (n=24), and over 25 months (n=23). It was predicted that recognition would vary according to GA. Recognition of team activities was measured in terms of team situation and member condition. For team situation, the variables of time limitations, clarity of outcomes, clearness and share of team vision, and leadership strength were measured. For member condition, member variety, familiarity, communication frequency, motivation level, and skill level were measured. Team performance was measured by a team's contribution to organization objectives and customer satisfaction. Results revealed that, among team situation variables, leaders' recognition of time limitations and clarity of outcomes went down, but that leadership strength went up, along with GA. Among member condition variables, recognition of motivation and skill level went up. Clearness and the sharing of team vision, however, showed no change. Recognition of team performance was higher for leaders with higher age. This was interpreted to reflect an increase in leadership strength. Further, results of a regression analysis performed for each GA indicated that member condition variables had stronger relationships to team performance, especially in teams with a lower GA.