THE EFFECTS OF INTER-GROUP RELATIONSHIPS ON LEADER SELECTION
Fujimoto, K. and Sakata, K., Hiroshima University, Japan
This study, examines the effects of inter-group relationships on the selection of the group leader. According to the social categorization theory (Turner, 1982), Hains (1997) clarified using group prototypes that an effective evaluation of the leader was influenced by inter-group relationships.Hains (1997) and Fielding & Hogg (1998) predicted that the group member who showed the group a high identity evaluated the leader by leadership stereotypes (acknowledged leader action) and group prototypes, and the results were supported. This research altered group identity which operated with and without the existence of another group in the laboratory in reference to the research of Hogg (1998). In addition, the study altered leadership stereotypes and group prototypes for leader information. The participants were 73 undergraduates who had been attending a psychology class.To examine the effects which the acknowledgment of leadership stereotypes and group prototypes caused the leader selection, the appropriate evaluation of leader and the leader selection tasks were carried out. The results indicated that, the leader with high group prototype received high evaluation when there was another group present. In the leader selection tasks, leaders who showed high leadership stereotypes were selected. When another group was present, leaders with high group prototype were selected. Results showed that inter-group relationships had exerted the influence on the leader selection.