THE IMPACT OF COMPUTER FAMILIARITY ON COMPUTERISED TEST PERFORMANCE IN A TECHNOLOGICALLY UNSOPHISTICATED COUNTRY
Foxcroft, C.D., Seymour, B.B, Streicher, M. and Watson, A.S.R., University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa
In developing countries such as South Africa, where access to and experience in using technology is limited, it is important to research the impact of computer familiarity/unfamiliarity on computerised test performance. The performance on a computerised test battery of a matched sample of first-time computer users was compared with test-takers who were more familiar with computers. All test-takers were applicants for university studies. Significant differences in performance were found in that the mean performance of first-time users was 0.5 to 1 SD lower than that of their more computer familiar peers. Correlations with first-year university performance were also computed to investigate possible predictive bias. The implications of the findings for fair assessment practices in computerised assessment with test-takers in technologically unsophisticated countries will be discussed.