EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE OF EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT IN MEXICAN ORGANIZATIONS
Flores, R., Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey - Campus Monterrey, Mexico
Current U.S. cognitive empowerment models, such as Thomas and Velthouse (1990) and Conger and Kanungo (1988), may not be considered applicable in Mexican organizations, because U.S. and Mexican employees differ in their interpretation of work. Diaz-Guerrero (1991) found that Mexicans perceive work as a necessity or obligation, a means to obtain something, a way to earn a living. Latin organizations in general are social systems of relationships (Laurent, 1986), while U.S. empowerment models place less emphasis on an individual's social embeddedness. This research reports the development of a model of employee empowerment applicable in Mexican culture and empirical evidence that supports the propositions of the model.