A STUDY ON DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AND ITS INFLUENCING FACTORS OF MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS IN CHINA
Feng, Z.Z., Yang, G.Y. and Zhang D.J., Chinese Psychological Society, China
We used Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) to examine the depressive symptoms during 5803 middle school students in China. This study generated the following findings: 18.8% girls and 8.2% boys showed depressive symptoms. Gender differences in depressive symptoms during Junior One remained significant though all grade of middle school. It was uncovered in a multiple factors analysis that the major factors which influenced depressive symptoms of middle school students were school education, family environment, pubertal transition, stressful life events and social culture. Girls' depressive symptoms contributed to pubertal transition and stress life events. School education and family environment were associated with boys' depressive symptoms.