THE ROLE OF SENSATION SEEKING, AND SELECTIVE ATTENTION ON DRIVER BEHAVIORS AND SKILLS
Er, N., Ankara University, Alptekin, L., Ayvasik, H.B., Ozkan, T. and Sumer, N., Middle East Technical University, Turkey
The aim of this study was to investigate how the interaction between the sensation seeking (novelty and intensity) and selective attention will influence the driver behaviors and skills. Turkish drivers (N = 128) fulfilled the questionnaires of sensation seeking and driver behaviors and skills, and were administered a computerized selective attention test. Participants were classified into one of the four groups according to their sensation seeking scores and the correct responses of selective attention test by using median-split: Group 1 = low scores on both intensity and selective attention, Group 2 = high on intensity and low on selective attention, Group 3 = low on intensity and high on selective attention, Group 4 = high on both intensity and selective attention. The same categorization was also applied for the novelty subscale of the sensation seeking and selective attention responses. For driver behaviors and skills (errors, violations, safety driving, and driving skills), a one-way ANCOVA was conducted with annual mileage as covariate. The results showed that Group 4 reported significantly more errors than Group 1, and more violations than the other 3 groups. Despite all 4 groups did not differ on driving skills, Group 2 and Group 4 reported lower safety driving scores than Group 1 and Group 3. Similar results were obtained for the groups categorized according to the novelty subscale and selective attention. The role sensation seeking and selective attention on driving behavior and skills was discussed in the context of accident involvement.