EFFECT OF SIX-WEEKS SPECIFIC TRAINING ON MOOD STATES OF SOCCER PLAYERS
Dutta, S., LNIPE, Acharya, J. and Dutta, P., Sports Authority India, India
Mood refers to a host of transient, fluctuating affective states (McNair, Lorr, & Dropplemaan, 1971, 1981, 1992) that reflect how an individual feels in general or globally at a particular moment in time. Moods range on a continuum from pleasurable to unpleasurable feeling states. It is not surprising that the relationship between pre-competitive emotions and sport performance has generated considerable interest from researchers in the field of sport psychology (e.g., Jones & Hardy, 1990; Kerr, 1989; Landers, 1991; Martens, Vealey, & Burton, 1990; Neiss, 1988; Silva & Hardy, 1984). However, a very few investigation have been made to examine the effectiveness of various training on mood states specifically in various sport. Due to the contradictory results, the present study was designed on State level soccer players (N=21), age ranging between 17-25 years (Mean= 19.86 & SD 2.01). The purpose of the investigation was to assess (a) the difference in the mood states before and after participating in specific soccer training program for a period of 6-weeks (b) the difference in the mood states over the total period of progressive training. The group underwent the training specifically designed by a National level soccer coach keeping in mind the purpose of the study. Profile of Mood States (POMS) by McNair, Lorr and Droppleman, 1971 was used which has six identifiable mood states: Tension-Anxiety, Depression-Dejection, Anger- Hostility, Vigor-Activity, Fatigue-Inertia and Confusion-Bewilderment. Analysis of the result revealed that: (a) during the period of six weeks training there was statistically significant difference in the factor of depression (F = 2.51; >05, 2.29, df 5,120) before the training and especially it was homogeneous towards the last three weeks of training. (b) After training POMS scores in the factors of depression (F= 2.51), anger (F= 2.90), fatigue (F=2.67) and confusion (F= 2.99) showed significant difference among six weeks. (c) The observation over the total period of training on the mood states shows difference in the factor of anger where as in no other factors significant difference is seen. The findings of this study is quite thought provoking in relation to the specific sport related training on the mood states.