DUAL CAREER COUPLES: THE EMERGING WORKFORCE OF INDIA: THEIR STRESSORS, STRAINS AND COPING MECHANISMS ALONG THE WORK FAMILY LIFE CYCLE
Desai, T.P., Institute for Integrated Learning in Management, India
The current study attempts to investigate the organisational stress and coping mechanisms of a special and burgeoning sample in India- Dual Career Couples. However, there is very little recognition of the fact that the problems, issues and stresses faced by these couples are somewhat different from those encountered by more conventional single career families. Also, dual career couples have a constantly changing interface of domestic and family lives. Thus the need to study this interaction i.e., the work- family life cycle arose, in addition to stress, which till now has been largely ignored in India. Data has been collected from dual career couples along the 3 stages of the work-family life cycle. Duncan's mean is used to investigate the differential effects of work family life cycle on organisational stress and coping and 't' tests are run to check for the gender differences between husbands and wives of the complete sample and within each of the three stages of the work family life cycle. Significant differences are found in some of the variables of stress. No significant differences are found in the style of coping along the three stages of the WFLC except in the 'backup' style of coping. Gender differences are absent in the complete sample, and separately in each WFLC stage. However, gender differences are found when an analyses is done on a gender-wise, WFLC-wise basis revealing that today's young father is more concerned than the father of yester years. Implications for organizational theorists, sociologists and HR departments are immense.