THE CONSTRUCTION AND VALIDATION OF A SAFETY CHECKLIST FOR MACHINE SHOP WORKERS IN TAIWAN
Horng, R.Y. and Kuo, T.C., National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan
Personnel working in a machine shop are subject to various environmental hazards and dangers. Unsafe behaviors of workers may worsen the situation. A safety checklist was constructed as a means to measure and improve the safety features in machine shops. Two hundred and eighty-seven workers from 48 machine shops in Taiwan responded to the checklist. Their responses to the checklist were factor analyzed and differences due to gender, educational level, tenure, age, salary, size of company, and type of company were compared. Results showed that males gave higher ratings regarding the safety in their work environment than females. People with more than 10 years tenure or people with higher salary also responded more positively to their work environment. Young workers generally were more dissatisfied than their older counterparts. The on-line operators responded more negatively regarding their work settings than technically skilled workers or non-technical staffs. The type of company and company size also made a difference. Parts manufacturing companies and medium- sized (50-99 workers) companies received lower ratings on safety measures. Results suggest that female on-line operator is a group that is exposed to less safe working environment in Taiwan. Moreover, because many small machine shops are owned and operated by only a few skilled workers, their ratings may underestimate the potential danger of their shops and deserve closer investigation.