Ho, M.C. and Chan, K.S., The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong SAR
The present study was designed to examine the relations between managerial styles and career advancement among female and male managers in Hong Kong. Sixty-nine male and fifty-four female Chinese managers working in business organizations in Hong Kong were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing leadership styles (LDBQ), organizational commitment (OCQ), and occupational stress (the stress diagnostic survey). Respondents were also asked to provide information about their jobs, including their ranks and income levels. Consistent with past research conducted in the West, our results reveal that there is no significant gender difference in the self-reported measures of leadership style, organizational commitment, and occupational stress at the managerial level. Interestingly, the correlation between job rank and task orientation style was found to be significant only for male respondents. As for female respondents, a significant correlation between job rank and interpersonal orientation style was found instead. These results suggest that career advancement among managerial staff in Hong Kong may be related to the extent to which they behave consistently with gender- stereotypic expectations.