A STUDY OF THE ATTRIBUTION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUCCESS AND FAILURE IN CHINESE
Zhang, J. F. and Xiao, Y. S., Chinese Psychological Society, China
In order to explore Chinese attribution characteristics for success and failure, this study investigated more than 400 Chinese from different professions in Chongqing by using the self-made "Chinese Attribution Scale for Success and Failure". The results suggested: Chongqing people attribution factors for success and failure included both realistic and fatalistic factors. The Chongqing people put emphasis on the realistic factors such as abilities and efforts; While the fatalistic factors such as predestinated relationship are also noted as the important elements. The difference in professions and events can led to differences in Chongqing people attribution factors for success and failure, yet difference in sex does not. There is a relatively high consistency between attribution for success and attribution for failure. Key words: Chinese, attribution, attribution for success, attribution for failure.