FACTORS IN FAVOR-DECISION MAKING AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP IN TAIWAN GRADUATE STUDENTS
Han, K.H. and Li, M.C., National Chengchi University, Taiwan
The issue of favor-petition and favor doing was investigated in referring to Chinese culture background. By means of scenario experiments, the subjects (graduate students) faced favor-petition for different domains from target people who bear different relationships to them on the dimensions of authority and closeness. The results showed that the subjects were more likely to accept favor-petition from teachers than from classmates (vertical vs. horizontal authority relationships) in the academic domain. The subjects who accepted teachers' requests tended to be more self-concerned than the subjects who rejected the requests are. In the decision making of whether to help classmates, though the subjects rated self-priority and reciprocity as important factors to be considered, the factor of mutual closeness was actually the major determinant of their responses. This study demonstrated that authority was the major factor in vertical relationships and closeness was the key factor in horizontal relationships to influence how Taiwanese graduate students responded to favor-petition.