NATIONAL PRIDE, DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN IRANIAN AND INDIAN MALE STUDENTS
Hajialiakbar, M. and Ram, U., University of Pune, India
56 Iranian males and 67 Indian males between the ages of 21 and 29 years studying in Pune city, India, completed three scales: National Pride (general and specific achievement scales) (Smith & Jarko, 1995), ASQ (Cattell & Scheier, 1963) and BDI (Beck, 1993). To study the differences between the two groups of students, t-test were carried out. Results showed that the Indian males have significantly higher General National Pride (t=7.80, p< 01) and National pride in Specific achievement (t=3.04, p< 01). The two groups, however, did not differ on the variables of depression and anxiety. The Indian sample showed a positive correlation between General and Specific achievement National pride (r=. 38, p< 01), significant negative correlation between National pride in specific achievement and depression (r=. 21, p< 01), anxiety (r=-.21, p< 01) and guilt proneness (O scale of ASQ) (r=-.30, p< 01). General National pride had a correlation of -.31, p< 01 with only depression scores. In the Iranian sample the General National pride and National pride in Specific achievement were correlated (r=. 34, p< 01). General National pride was correlated significantly with low suspiciousness (L scale on ASQ) (r=. 27, p< 01). The results have been discussed in the light of cultural variations.