Gupta, M., Indian Institute of Technology and Srivastava, A., G.B.Pant Social Science Institute, India
Like the West , Dual Career Families(DCF) in India present a special case of work and family interface, but unlike the west the structure and dynamics of Indian DCF are unique in their own way. Hence the factors emerging from western literature may not be relevant in the Indian context. Therefore the objective of the study is two fold. First, to identify the relevant factors which influence Job Satisfaction(JS) and Life Satisfaction (LS) of DCF in India. Second, having identified the relevant factors through a case study approach to empirically test the relationship between work and non work factors with JS and LS. 10 Dual Career Couples were extensively interviewed in a metropolitan city of India. From the analysis of the cases four work related factors viz; Career Salience, Social Support at Work Place, Salary , Discretionary Time spent on Job-related activities and three non work factors viz; Family Involvement, Social Support and Self Esteem were selected for the empirical study. A sample of 47 DCCs was drawn from various corporate and service organizations, universities and research institutes. A 5 point Likert scale was devised to measure the work and non work factors. The multiple regression analysis shows that work related variables explain more variance in JS than in LS both for husbands and wives. The non work factors predict more variance in LS than in JS for both husbands and wives. . Need for family supportive policies emerged as an important factor and social support at work place had a significant impact on job satisfaction. The study highlights the need to have specific policies for Dual Career Couples at the organizational level. The findings are discussed in the cultural context