THE EFFECT OF TURNER SYNDROME ON RELATIONSHIP STRUCTURES AND PERSONALITY PROFILES OF ADOLESCENTS
 
Greyling, A.J., Vista University, South Africa
 
Turner Syndrome (TS) in girls is found worldwide and crosses geographical, ethnic and cultural barriers. This genetic disorder is caused by sex chromosome abnormalities and is present in 1:2000 live female births. It leads to ovarian dysgenesis, short stature and a variant of other physical characteristics. Adolescence is marked as a time of change in all aspects of being namely physical, emotional and cognitive. In literature on adolescence the important role of interpersonal relationships in the development of the personality is often closely linked to inter alia the acceptance of the body - an aspect directly influenced by Turner Syndrome. The aim of this study was thus to assess the effects of the sex chromosome anomalies as found in Turner Syndrome on the relationship structures and personality profiles of female adolescents. A quantitative research design was chosen for the investigation. During personal meetings with the TS individuals two standardizes questionnaires were implemented to gather data. The HSRC's Children's Personality Questionnaire (CPQ) and the Interpersonal Relations Questionnaire (IRQ) were used for girls in early adolescence while for older adolescents the High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ) and the Personal, Home, Socail and Formal Relations Questionnaire (PHSF) were chosen. Significant patterns emerged and the results obtained formed the basis for recommendations regarding support and guidance to individuals who suffer from TS. KEYWORDS: Turner Syndrome, short stature, adolescence, personality, relationships.