TOWARDS AN INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF LEADERSHIP
Gill, R., The Leadership Trust Foundation, England
Leadership research and theory have followed three separate tracks in recent decades: the intellectual or cognitive, the emotional and the behavioural. This paper suggests these tracks have not converged sufficiently so far, and proposes an integrative model. This model attempts to integrate existing fragmented theories which are distinctly separate pieces of a jigsaw puzzle for researchers, consultants and leaders themselves. The intellectual or cognitive dimension to leadership, commonly known as strategic leadership, focuses on the vision and strategy of the organization. The emotional dimension concerns emotional intelligence and the creating and promoting of shared values. The behavioural dimension concerns the empowerment, inspiration and motivation of followers. Bernard Bass's full-range model of leadership and Daniel Goleman's theory of emotional intelligence have made significant contributions to our understanding of empowerment, inspiration and motivation in effective leadership. But effective emotional and behavioural leadership without valid visioning and strategic thinking may be misguided, even dangerous, while the converse is impotent. Vision is crucial to the survival and prosperity of an organization or nation. Effective leaders define and communicate a rational and appealing vision. They create, espouse and promote shared values that inform vision and strategies and lead to a strong corporate or national culture that yields competitive advantage. They get commitment to intelligent strategies and ensure their implementation. They empower people to be able to They inspire and motivate people to want to.