GOING THROUGH ACCULTURATION: A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON INDONESIANS EXPERIENCING ACCULTURATION IN GERMANY
Kwartarini, W.Y., Hamburg University, Germany
Living in a different culture may cause a great deal stress due to acculturation. It may influence their emotional well-being and Quality of Life (QoL). This can be experienced by Indonesians who live in Germany. Given the fact that there are thousands Indonesians are currently living in Germany, both as sejourners and immigrants, this study is objected to identify significant factors faced by Indonesians in Germany which may disadvantage to their emotional well-being and the general QoL. It is expected that results of this study may help Indonesians to prevent themselves from the disadvantaging factors during acculturation. Qualitative research, employing semi-structured interviews of 11 interviewees and theme-analysis. Setting: Hamburg - Germany. Participants: Nine Indonesians and two Germans. Three dominant categories faced by Indonesians are changes in the new environmental nature, social and personal life. Physical complained is less experienced in Germany, however people drink more alcohol and cigarette consumption among Indonesians is found to be higher in Germany. Living in apartment has been perceived as "being locked" and eventually seems to be increasing their feeling of being depressed. Time-perspective is found to be different among Indonesians and Germans. Using different language requires also a good understanding in coding and decoding. These seem to be causing communication problems. Daily activities are reported to be more hectic, the study subjects are more assertive, and more independent. Stress is experienced as a part of socialization and self-approval in the work place. Loneliness and homesick seem to be experienced by most of them. These can be due to the lack of speaking the local language.