Kumar, A., M.G.Kashi Vidyapith, India
Knowledge of quality of life, self-efficacy and cognitive behavioral aspects of AIDS and Cancerogenesis may definitely provide a significant approach to health professionals and pain specialists for effective management of such patients. Keeping these facts into consideration, this study explored the quality of life and self-efficacy of AIDS and Cancer patients and association of cognitive behavioral factors like locus of control, alienation and optimism with onset of AIDS and cancer. 50 AIDS patients and 50 oral Cancer patients (18-42 Yrs. Mean 28.36) were selected for this study who did not had any other psychiatric or internistic problems. A control group of 100 normals, selected for this study had never experienced any psychiatric or internistic problems. These patients and normal controls were administered WHO Quality of Life Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale, Locus of Control Scale. Optimism Scale and Alienation Scale individually. Statistical analysis of the data revealed that cancer patients had low level of self-efficacy, several indices of lower quality of life and they had internal locus of control as compared to AIDS patients. AIDS patients manifested higher degree of alienation and pessimistic attitude towards life as compared to cancer patients. Finding of this study may be utilised by the health professionals and pain specialists for effective cognitive behavioral management of AIDS and Cancer patients. Cancer patients need more attention because of their impaired quality of life. AIDS pateints should be cared in the light of their pessimistic attitude about life and strong feelings of alienation.