PROACTIVE COPING, SELF-EFFICACY, AND COMPETITION RESULTS IN A SAMPLE OF SWIMMERS
 
Zagorska, A., Warsaw University, Poland
 
Purpose: The aim of the study was to analyse the relationships between self- efficacy, proactive coping and competition results as well as the subjective appraisal of the results in a sample of swimmers. Methods: The sample consisted of 80 swimmers (66.7% of women and 33.3% men) aged 20 to 27 (M = 22.52, SD = 1.64). Proactive coping was measured by means of Proactive Coping Scale (Greenglass, Schwarzer, & Taubert, 1999). Self- efficacy was measured with General Self-Efficacy Scale (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995). Additionally, before the competition subjects were asked about their beliefs on their ability of improving their best results as well as whether they appraise the results of the competition as a personal success or a failure (after the competition). The subjects were assessed twice. First wave took place before the competition (before or after warming up). Second wave data were collected directly after the race. Results: Proactive coping and self-efficacy are correlated. High proactive coping was related to strong belief of achieving better results during the competition. High self-efficacy was related to perceiving the results obtained during the competition as a personal success. Neither proactive coping nor self-efficacy were significantly related to results obtained during the competition (rank and time).