RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ADOLESCENTS SELF-DIRECTED BEHAVIORS AND PARENTING STYLES SOCIALIZATION IN THAILAND
Kotrajaras, S. and Yongkittikul, C., Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between self- directed behaviors: family functioning, emotional intelligence and coping styles and Diana Baumrind's parenting styles: authoritative , authoritarian, permissive and neglectful parenting styles of Thai adolescents in five different regions of Thailand. The subjects were 1,316 students in Mathayomsuksa 1(Grade 7) and 6 (Grade 12). The data were collected via four questionnaires. Two-way ANOVA showed a significant effect of parenting styles on self-directed behaviors. Students from authoritative families reported more family functioning and more usage of problem-focused coping and less usage of avoidance coping than students brought up with the other three parenting styles, and had more emotional intelligence than students from authoritarian and neglectful families. The study showed significant differences of sex, birth order, family type, residential regions, academic achievement on students' certain self- directed behaviors. Female students used more social support seeking than male students. First born and the youngest child reported more family functioning than the only child. Students in intact families reported more family functioning. Students in Bangkok used more avoidance coping than students in nearly all other regions. Students with higher academic achievement reported more family functioning and more usage of productive coping styles than the students with lower academic achievement.