EFFECTS OF MORAL REASONING ABILITY TRAINING ON MORAL BEHAVIOR OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THAILAND
Kosal, M., National Research Council of Thailand, Thailand
Teachers are one of the most organized and substantial groups of personnels for child development. This experimental study aims at comparing the effects of different amount of moral reasoning ability trainings on psychological characteristics and moral behaviors of teachers of different psycho-biosocial backgrounds. Three hundred elementary school teachers were randomly selected from 702 teachers with low or moderate scores on the test of Moral Reasoning Ability (Summated Ratings Method was used). The final number of participating teachers was 276 teachers. Each teacher was randomly assigned to one of the 3 training groups (100%, 50% or Control = 0% training group). Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design was employed in this experiment, with 3-month-follow up. Important research findings are as follows : (1) After training the teachers in 100% (with 24 hours of training) and 50% (with 12 hours of training) training groups showed higher moral reasoning scores than the control group. (2) Three months after training, only teachers in 100% training group had higher favorable attitudes towards moral behavior higher general as well as work moral behaviors than the control group. (3) In the group with 100% training, the teachers with higher level of education were higher on general moral behavior than the low education teachers. Thus, it is recommended that for the benefit of the society, moral reasoning ability training should be conducted for the new teachers in Thailand.