NATIONAL IDENTITY FORMATION AND CONFLICT BEHAVIOR OF MINORITIES
Korostelina, C., National Taurida Vernadsky University, Ukraine
Psychological research finding provide ample empirical evidence of the consequences of group membership for intergroup conflict but shed considerably less light on the development of identity. As social identity theory suggests, extremely salient minority group membership can overwhelming national identity. Research on national identity and patriotism also demonstrates that identity does not mean the same things to all people. Which factors influence now national identity formation of two minorities groups -Russians and Crimean Tatars? How is national identity connected with system of attitudes and stereotypes? How nationalism and patriotism can immerging form national identity? The paper addresses these questions applying insights from social psychology to the analysis of process of national identity formation. Using opinion survey, the study (2000-2001) examines the interrelations between attitudes (focusing on issues such as Ukrainian unity, Crimean autonomy, and relations with NATO and Russia) of Crimea's two major ethnic groups, the Russians and the Crimean Tatars, national identity and conflict behavior. Research results shows the importance of system of stereotypes and negative attitudes toward other groups as factors which influence identity formation. The main factors, associated with the formation of national identity among the Russians, are: estimation of economic situation, absence or presence of negative attitudes toward other groups, increasing of social status and system of stereotypes. The estimation of economic situation does not play any role in formation of regional and national identity among Crimean Tatars.