GUILT, SHAME, EMBARRASSMENT, ANGER, AND THE SELF IN JAPANESE ADOLESCENTS
Kohki, A., Hiroshima-shudo University, Japan
This study examines the relationship between the independent and dependent construal of the self, self-conscious emotions(guilt, shame, and embarrassment), and anger in Japan. Three hundred and sixty seven participants responded to the questionnaires. The results indicated collectivistic prone individuals were much more likely to experience the three self-conscious emotions. Furthermore, it was revealed that shame- proneness related positively to direct aggressive behavior and discussion with target of anger, and negatively to restraining anger, and embarrassment-proneness related positively to restraining anger. On the other hand, guilt-proneness was associated positively with discussion with target of anger, and negatively with direct aggressive behavior These results shows that shame-proneness is associated with both maladaptive and adaptive responses to anger, whereas shame-proneness is not associated with adaptive responses to anger in U.S. data (e.g. Tangney, 1995). So, in Japan there appears to be the important role of shame in individual psychological adjustment of anger.