ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SENSE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND MACHIAVELLIANSM
Kobayashi, T., Kyorin University, Japan
This study examined the relationship between social representation of human rights and Machiavellian (Cristie & Geis, 1970) personality traits. Social representation is a system of meaning shared by members of some social group. Basic assumption was that if sense of human rights were related with egocentrism, scores of understanding for human rights would have positive correlation with manipulative personality, and if it was based on moral development it would have negative correlation with moral subscale of Mach=Wfor Machiavellian personality traits. Two scales using 30 articles of UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Doise,Spini, & Clemence, 1999) and Mach=W were conducted to 233 university students. UDHR scales were nine-point scales, and Mach=Wwas five-point scale .The Result showed that understanding for human rights had no significant correlation either with manipulative or with amoral personality trait. Within two UDHR scales, degree of understanding and sense of relation for themselves had significant positive correlation (r=.25, p<01). And, pessimistic view for human being tactical personality and amorality had positive correlation (r=.32, .39, p<01) within Mach=W. This implies that the sense of human rights may be influenced by something different from machiavellian characteristic or moral maturity.