Kim, Y.H. and Park, Y.S., Inha University and Kim, U., Chung-Ang University, Korea
The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship among Korean adolescents' school violence, interpersonal relationship, and individual psychological characteristics. For Interpersonal relationship, the relationship with parents, teachers, and friends are examined. Individual psychological characteristics are measure by self-efficacy and moral disengagement subscales. A total of 890 junior high school students participated in this research (e.g., Male: N = 462, Female: N = 428). A measurement scale developed by Park and Kim (2001) are used to analyze the present data. In this research, participants are divided into four groups: (1) bully- victims, (2) bullies, (3) victims, and (4) non-participants. The results reveal that there are significant differences among four groups in terms of interpersonal characteristics and individual psychological characteristics. First, the non-participants (bystanders) are found to have the most effective relationship with their parents, teachers, and friends, whereas the bully victims are found to have a hostile relationship with their parents, teachers, and friends. Second, the bystanders are found to possess the highest self-efficacy level (e.g., self-regulated learning, overcoming difficult, relational efficacy), whereas the bully group is found to possess the highest social and self-assertive efficacy. Lastly, the bully victim group is found to possess the highest level, while the bystanders possess the lowest level for moral disengagement.