EFFECTS OF RELIGIOUS VALUES DURING THE TREATMENT COURSE OF A GROUP OF PATIENTS WITH MAJOR DEPRESSION
 
Khosropour, F., Kerman Medical Sciences University and Abdollah, A., Zarand Islamic Azad University, Iran
 
Effects of religious values and beliefs have been investigated in various research projects. In a recent study, it was found that higher religious beliefs lead to a positive mental influence which is benefitial to mental health. Also, reiligious beliefs promotes health and there is a direct relationship between religion and the power to adapt to environment. On the other hand, different findings have been reported on the relationship. The purpose of the present study was to investigate effects of religious values during the treatment course of a group of patients with Major Depression. Fifty male patients ( age range 50-60) with a diagnosis of major Depression based od the DSM4 criteria were selected from the Kerman Psychiatric Hospital. They underwent ECT and responded to the Allport -Vernon- Lindsey Values Questionnaire after improvement. Based on the results, 20 patients were assigned in the group with powerful religious values and 14 patients were assigned in the group with weak religious values. They also responded to the Beck Depression Inventory. Results indicated that the group with powerful religious values had a significantly lower BDI scores than the other group ( p= 0.05). Also, findings showed that generally there was significantly negative relationship between the religious values and treatment course variables ( p= 0.01). According to the findings, religious beliefs may be benefitial in reducing treatment course of depressive patients.