Keyser, V.D., University of Liege, Belgium
Studies on human error focused first on the origins of our errors, and the mechanisms involved in the production of these errors. This research currently provided various classifications according to the nature, the form and the consequences of human errors. The main effort was thus dedicated to what concerns error prevention, leading sometimes to the elaboration of sophisticated aids. It appeared then necessary to account better for contextual and organizational issues in the production of errors. In parallel, focus moved progressively from error prevention towards error recovery and/or management. Mechanisms involved in the detection of errors or in the recovery remain little known. In the first part of our talk, we will present a state-of-the-art overview of error protection. We will also suggest new areas of investigation to identify what supports a subject in the detection of his own errors. In the second part of the talk, we will investigate how the theoretical background of prospective memory, and more generally the theory of intentions might provide new enlightenment. The third part will finally demonstrate how neuropsychological data might confirm the relationship between error detection and prospective memory.