PRACTISING PSYCHOLOGY ON PEOPLE:A CRITICAL VIEW OF PSYCHOLOGICAL PRACTICE
Kaye, J.D., University of Adelaide, Australia
The traditional focus of mainstream psychology has been the scientific study of the rational unitary individual. Similarly the focus of the Scientist-Practitioner model has been the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disturbance based on scientifically derived knowledge. The aim of this paper is not to provide a thoroughgoing deconstruction of Psychology's governing paradigm nor of its embedded suppositions. Nor is it to dismember the Scientist-Practitioner model. I raise the question rather of what kind of person-practitioners are created by the paradigm to which they are subject and what kind of subjects are constituted by the knowledge practiced on them. The paper: 1)critiques the Scientist-Practitioner model's limitations together with the consequences for practitioners & clients; 2)proposes a more encompassing model drawing on a Critical orientation which addresses issues disregarded by the regnant Scientist- Practitioner model; 3)examines the conditions of possibility for both practitioners and clients opened by Critical Psychology; 4)discusses the implications of this orientation for counseling, psychotherapy & community practice.