LOVE EXPRESSION PATTERNS OF MOTHERS AS RELATED TO CHILD PERSONALITY AND EMOTIONAL-SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS
Kasemnet, L. and Thongpukdee, T., Srinakarinwirot University, Thailand
The purpose of this study was two-fold. First it aimed to investigate love expression patterns of mothers with different family backgrounds. Second, to compare introvert-extrovert personality, leadership, adjustment and mental hygiene including depression, anxiety and aggressiveness of students with four types of love expression patterns. The Sample comprised 221 Fourth grade students with 113 females and 108 males, and 240 Eight-grade students with 150 females and 90 males from 10 schools in Bangkok during the 1996 academic year. A questionnaire consisting of 3 parts was administered. The first part concerned students' background and characteristics. The second part was about mother's love expression. The third one was about the feelings about one's self in the introvert -extrovert aspect of the personality, in the areas of leadership, mental hygiene and adjustment. The data were then analyzed using means and standard deviations analyses of variance correlation. The results revealed that: 1. Students who perceived mothers' love expressions though material gains means that love was expressed materially rather than mindfully which included words or gestures. Love expression patterns of mother could be classified into 4 patterns as follows: 1/mother's love expression though material and mindful ways at a low level, 2/ mother's love expression though material ways at a low level and through mindful ways at a high level, 3/ mother's love expression though material ways at a high level and through mindful ways at a low level, and 4/ mother's love expression though material and mindful ways at a high level. The results related that the fourth pattern was used as much as the first pattern, both as a whole and in sub-groups. The only exception was the eighth grade students whose mothers used the fourth pattern more than the first pattern.