THE DIFFERENCES IN PREFERENCE OF FIGURES BETWEEN THE PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA AND UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
 
Yuasa, O., Aoki, T., Minakuchi Hospital, Iwamitsu, Y., Okawa, M. and Yamada, N., Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan
 
We examined the differences in preference of figures between the patients with schizophrenia and university students. We used 7 kinds of rectangles having the same area (26cm2), as the stimulus. The subjects were 26 patients with schizophrenia (age: mean?}=SD 32.9 ?}11.7) and 53 university students (age: mean?}SD=20.4 ?}2.0). The subjects were asked to draw a horizontal or vertical dividing line where they felt the most beautiful than the other place on each stimulus figure (a square and 6 kinds of rectangles). The results revealed the following points: (1) For both patients with schizophrenia and university students, the frequencies of 1:1 dividing ratio for rectangles were the highest. (2) For both patients with schizophrenia and university students, the frequencies of the 1:1 dividing ratio for the square were the highest. (3) Compared to the university students, patients with schizophrenia preferred the symmetry figure to the asymmetry. Ichihashi (1972) suggested that the symmetry that patients with schizophrenia drew might be related to the defective state such as flatting of affect and stereotyped behavior. Our results also supported his suggestion. Furthermore, our results might be reflected that the defect of volition, the competence of reality-testing, the ambiguous tolerance in patients with schizophrenia.