DESIGNING HIGHLY EFFECTIVE SHORT-TERM EXCHANGE PROGRAMS
Kammhuber, S., Chang, C., Ehret, A.M. and Thomas, A., University of Regensburg, Germany
Research results of the effects of short-term exchange programmes have been heterogeneous so far, since some of them indicate that often the goals of these programmes are not archieved and even prior stereotypes are enhanced. Furthermore, only little research can be found on the effects of short-term programmes on intercultural learning and the development of intercultural competence for professionals in a certain field. With a both qualitative and quantitative evaluation of a German-Japanese exchange-programme for professionals in youth work we could show that even a stay of three weeks in Japan can have enormous effects on German participants. The different kind of effects ranging from the initiation of new exchange-programmes, impulses for one's own working-styles to the enrichment of their own personality and the reflection on intercultural issues. Generally it was found that personal and professional dimensions of effects cannot be separated, because they show a mutual influence. Yet, whether short-term programmes will result in the desired effects cannot be agreed to in general, but is dependent on numerous influencing factors which can be categorised into personal, initiating, moderating and process factors. Their kind of influence is described and statistically examined. Finally, Implications for the design and realisation of short-term programmes are given.