Jin, Y., The Chung-Ang University, Korea
This study attempted to analyze eating behaviors among 326 college female dancers. Two research problems were identified through theoretical approaches and empirical data related to eating behaviors in physical activity; 1) Do the eating behaviors differ among Korean, Ballet, Modern dancers? 2) Can eating disorder characterized by bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa be predicted by the restraint, emotional, external eating behaviors across the dance majors. Dancer's eating behaviors were assessed by using Dutch eating behavior questionnaire (DEBQ) (Van Strien, et al, 1986), and their levels of eating disorders were measured by Korean eating disorder questionnaire (Shin, 1997). The results exhibited that Ballet dancers had higher levels of eating restraint than Korean dancers, and Modern dancers showed more external eating behaviors than Ballet dancers. Modern dancers tended to exhibit higher levels of bulimia nervosa, whereas Ballet dancers showed higher levels of anorexia nervosa. Taken together, it was found that restrained eating behavior was a significant predictor of anorexia nervosa, and emotional eating behavior was a significant predictor of bulimia nervosa. These results were discussed with the eating restraint theory and interpreted based on the assumption that the excessive physical activities and body shape might play a central role in the development of eating disorder.