Jeanrie, C. and Boyer, M., Laval University, Canada and Van de Vijver, F., Tilburg university, Netherlands
Although the normative sample of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) has been completely renewed with the revision of the test in 1996, it is still entirely American. This test, however, is a widely popular personality index used in different countries with as many as 29 language versions (Gough and Bradley; 1996). Constructed around the notion of "folk concepts", that is, concepts that people from many (or any) cultures intuitively refer to when they talk about one's personality, the CPI is considered as highly relevant for cross-cultural studies (Gough & Bradley, 1996; Paunonen & Ashton, 1998). The present study compares the construct equivalence of two Canadian versions (English and French) and presents its relation to the factorial structure reported by Gough and Bradley (1996). Exploratory factor analysis followed by target rotation was performed on both samples (n=1000 for each language). Results indicates that most scales are not unidimensional and that a clear 3-factor structure can be extracted. This structure presents a large first factor suggesting a favorable self-presentation of the self. The second and third one are, respectively, related to some intellectual/achievement and sensitivity/creativity dimensions. Factorial equivalence of the different scales and subscales is very high, suggesting the generalizability of this structure between the tow linguistically and culturally different samples. It is, however, somewhat different from the traditional structure of the CPI. Results are discussed in relation to contemporary personality theories.