COGNITIVE PROFILE, FIELD INDEPENDENCE, AND SPATIAL ORIENTATION IN FLIGHT
You, X. Q., Shaanxi Normal University, China
The relationship between cognitive profile, field-independence and spatial orientation in flight was examined. 85 qualified pilots were tested with the Cognitive Laterality Battery ( CLB ) and the Group Embedded Figures Test ( GEFT ) to assess their degrees of spatial cognitive profile and field independence, respectively. Meanwhile, the level of flight orientation was also assessed with respect to a fuzzy evaluation model of flight illusion. The results indicated: (1) High visuospatial ability and high field- independence was significantly related to superior flight orientation ; (2) A high positive correlation was found between typical spatial cognitive profile and high field-independence. The pilots with high field-independence tended to have a typical spatial cognitive profile; (3) The scores on the visuospatial tests, CLQ and field-independence differed significantly for three groups with different illusion levels. The pilots with mild-illusion usually were more advantageous in processing, organizing visuospatial information and in some high metacognitive skills for spatial orientation in flight. The study provided evidences that there was a strong relationship between visuospatial ability, field-independence and spatial orientation in flight. Keywords cognitive profile, field-independence, visuospatial ability, flight orientation.