CONFLICTS OF MILITARY PERSONNEL DURING THE ADAPTATION PERIOD IN THE ARMY
Lozhkin, G., National University of Physical Education and Sport of the Ukraine, Ukraine
The beginning of military service is associated with an adaptation period. Development of conflicts depends on three temporary phases during the social and psychological adaptation period: 1. Primary adaptation phase; 2. Passive adaptation phase; 3. Active adaptation phase. I. The principal frustration factor during the first phase is when an individual is deprived of his or her usual circle, and traditional social connections; II. The passive adaptation phase allows us to define frustrated behavior. Very common factors in the army are: apathy, regression, stereotyping, and aggression; III. The active adaptation phase is totally different from the other two phases. After a long period of despair, soldiers find hope and optimism, and aggressive behaviour towards others soldiers subsides. This stage is not as acute and unresolved as the other two phases. Knowledge of these phases can provide guidance to psychologists in preventing conflicts in the army.